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Nuclear bodies in Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii Mirb.) microspores

Niedojadło, Janusz, Dominowska, Katarzyna, Bednarska, Elżbieta
Protoplasma 2008 v.234 no.1-4 pp. 77-85
Larix decidua, Pseudotsuga menziesii, cell cycle, microspores, microsporogenesis, proteins, silver, small nuclear RNA
The identification of nucleolar proteins and immunocytochemical localization of small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) elements revealed the presence of three types of nuclear bodies in Douglas fir microspore nuclei. One type consists of structures resembling Cajal bodies (CBs) and contains nucleolar proteins as well as snRNPs and U2 snRNA. The second type is bizonal bodies, which are nuclear bodies also linked with the splicing system. The bizonal body comprises two parts: the first contains Sm proteins and stains strongly with silver stain, and the second resembles CBs in terms of the degree of silver staining and molecular composition. Douglas fir is the second species after larch where the presence of bizonal bodies has been demonstrated. Pseudotsuga menziesii Mirb and Larix decidua Mill are species with one of the longest microsporogenesis processes known in plants. The presence of bizonal bodies in both species may be linked to the intensification of the splicing processes in microspores with an exceptionally long cell cycle. The third type of structure is dense bodies, whose morphology and degree of silver staining strongly indicate their functional and spatial relationship to the dense part of bizonal bodies.