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Human Polymorphonuclear Neutrophil Responses to Burkholderia pseudomallei in Healthy and Diabetic Subjects

Chanchamroen, Sujin, Kewcharoenwong, Chidchamai, Susaengrat, Wattanachai, Ato, Manabu, Lertmemongkolchai, Ganjana
Infection and immunity 2009 v.77 no.1 pp. 456-463
Burkholderia pseudomallei, Escherichia coli, Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium, apoptosis, diabetes mellitus, flow cytometry, humans, interleukin-8, melioidosis, phagocytosis
The major predisposing factor for melioidosis is diabetes mellitus, but no immunological mechanisms have been investigated to explain this. In this study, polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) responses to Burkholderia pseudomallei, the causative agent of melioidosis, in healthy and diabetic Thai subjects were determined by flow cytometry. The results showed that B. pseudomallei displayed reduced uptake by PMNs compared to Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and Escherichia coli. Additionally, intracellular survival of B. pseudomallei was detected throughout a 24-h period, indicating the intrinsic resistance of B. pseudomallei to killing by PMNs. Moreover, PMNs from diabetic subjects displayed impaired phagocytosis of B. pseudomallei, reduced migration in response to interleukin-8, and an inability to delay apoptosis. These data show that B. pseudomallei is intrinsically resistant to phagocytosis and killing by PMNs. These observations, together with the impaired migration and apoptosis in diabetes mellitus, may explain host susceptibility in melioidosis.