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Preparation of a mixed-mode hydrophilic interaction/anion-exchange polymeric monolithic stationary phase for capillary liquid chromatography of polar analytes

Lin, Jian, Lin, Jia, Lin, Xucong, Xie, Zenghong
Journal of chromatography 2009 v.1216 no.5 pp. 801-806
acetonitrile, benzoic acid, electrostatic interactions, ethylene glycol, hydrophilic interaction chromatography, hydrophilicity, ion exchange, polymerization, solvents
A novel cationic hydrophilic interaction monolithic stationary phase based on the copolymerization of 2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyltrimethylammonium methyl sulfate (META) and pentaerythritol triacrylate (PETA) in a binary porogenic solvent consisting of cyclohexanol/ethylene glycol was designed for performing capillary liquid chromatography. While META functioned as both the ion-exchange sites and polar ligand provider, the PETA, a trivinyl monomer, was introduced as cross-linker. The monolithic stationary phases with different properties were easily prepared by adjusting the amount of META in the polymerization solution as well as the composition of the porogenic solvent. The hydrophilicity of the monolith increased with increasing content of META in the polymerization mixture. A typical hydrophilic interaction chromatography mechanism was observed when the content of acetonitrile in the mobile phase was higher than 20%. The poly(META-co-PETA) monolith showed very good selectivity for neutral, basic and acidic polar analytes. For polar-charged analytes, both hydrophilic interaction and electrostatic interaction contributed to their retention. Peak tailing of basic compounds was avoided and the efficient separation of benzoic acid derivatives was obtained.