Main content area

Factors affecting in vitro maturation of isolated maize microspores

Dupuis, I., Pace, G.M.
Plant cell reports 1993 v.12 no.10 pp. 564-568
Zea mays, pollen, developmental stages, culture media, pH, nutrients, pollen germination, cell growth, viability, chemical composition, starch, protein composition, mitosis, calcium chloride, anther culture
An in vitro method to simulate pollen development was developed in maize (Zea mays L.). Microspores at the late uninucleate to early binucleate stage were isolated and cultured under various conditions. Cell viability, starch content and the formation of the three nuclei as found in normal mature pollen were monitored during the course of the culture. Media composition was modified in order to promote starch accumulation and frequency of mitosis, while maintaining the viability of the microspores. Under the best conditions, up to 12% of the microspores matured in vitro into trinucleate, starch-filled viable pollen grains which were unable to germinate or produce seeds. At different stages during in vitro maturation, proteins patterns were analyzed and compared with their in vivo equivalent and the patterns were only partially similar.