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Peroxidation of lipids and growth inhibition induced by UV-B irradiation

Author:
Takeuchi, Y., Fukumoto, R., Kasahara, H., Sakaki, T., Kitao, M.
Source:
Plant cell reports 1995 v.14 no.9 pp. 566-570
ISSN:
0721-7714
Subject:
Cucumis sativus, seedlings, cotyledons, lipid peroxidation, ultraviolet radiation, biosynthesis, malondialdehyde, free radicals, chlorophyll, photosystem II, fluorescence, measurement, oxygen, gas exchange, ascorbic acid, hydroquinone
Abstract:
Cotyledons excised from dark-grown seedlings of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) were cultured in vitro under UV radiation at different wavelengths, obtained by passage of light through cut-off filters with different transmittance properties. Growth and the synthesis of chlorophyll (Chl) in cotyledons were inhibited and malondialdehyde was accumulated upon irradiation at wavelengths below 320 nm. Exogenous application of scavengers of free radicals reversed the growth inhibition induced by UV-B. Measurement of the fluorescence of Chl a suggested that electron transfer in photosystems was affected by UV-B irradiation. On the basis of these results, the involvement is postulated of active species of oxygen in damages to thylakoid membranes and the growth inhibition that are induced by UV-B irradiation.
Agid:
2785082