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Adam12 plays a role during uterine decidualization in mice

Zhang, Li, Guo, Weixiang, Chen, Qi, Fan, Xiujun, Zhang, Ying, Duan, Enkui
Cell and tissue research 2009 v.338 no.3 pp. 413-421
blastocyst, cell culture, females, mice, models, ovariectomy, polyploidy, pregnancy, progesterone, progesterone receptors, small interfering RNA, stromal cells, uterus
In mouse, decidualization is characterized by the proliferation of stromal cells and their differentiation into specialized type of cells (decidual cells) with polyploidy, surrounding the implanting blastocyst. However, the mechanisms involved in these processes remain poorly understood. Using multiple approaches, we have examined the role of Adam12 in decidualization during early pregnancy in mice. Adam12 is spatiotemporally expressed in decidualizing stromal cells in intact pregnant females and in pseudopregnant mice undergoing artificially induced decidualization. In the ovariectomized mouse uterus, the expression of Adam12 is upregulated after progesterone treatment, which is primarily mediated by nuclear progesterone receptor. In a stromal cell culture model, the expression of Adam12 gradually rises with the progression of stromal decidualization, whereas the attenuated expression of Adam12 after siRNA knockdown significantly blocks the progression of decidualization. Our study suggests that Adam12 is involved in promoting uterine decidualization during pregnancy.