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Characterizing pesticide sorption and degradation in microscale biopurification systems using column displacement experiments

Wilde, Tineke de, Mertens, Jan, Simunek, Jirka, Sniegowksi, Kristel, Ryckeboer, Jaak, Jaeken, Peter, Springael, Dirk, Spanoghe, Pieter
Environmental pollution 2009 v.157 no.2 pp. 463-473
bentazon, equations, isoproturon, linuron, metalaxyl, models, sorption, water pollution
Biopurification systems treating pesticide contaminated water are very efficient, however they operate as a black box. Processes inside the system are not yet characterized. To optimize the performance, knowledge of degradation and retention processes needs to be generated. Therefore, displacement experiments were carried out for four pesticides (isoproturon, bentazone, metalaxyl, linuron) in columns containing different organic mixtures. Bromide, isoproturon and bentazone breakthrough curves (BTCs) were well described using the convection–dispersion equation (CDE) and a first-order degradation kinetic approach. Metalaxyl and linuron BTCs were well described using the CDE model expanded with Monod-type kinetics. Freundlich sorption, first-order degradation and Monod kinetics coefficients were fitted to the BTCs. Fitted values of the distribution coefficient Kf,column were much lower than those determined from batch experiments. Based on mobility, pesticides were ranked as: bentazone > metalaxyl - isoproturon > linuron. Based on degradability, pesticides were ranked as: linuron > metalaxyl - isoproturon > bentazone.