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Gaseous mercury fluxes from the forest floor of the Adirondacks

Choi, Hyun-Deok, Holsen, Thomas M.
Environmental pollution 2009 v.157 no.2 pp. 592-600
correlation, emissions, forest canopy, forest litter, mercury, meteorological data, models, shade, solar radiation, spring, summer, temperature, winter, Adirondacks, New York
The flux of gaseous elemental mercury (Hg0) from the forest floor of the Adirondack Mountains in New York (USA) was measured numerous times throughout 2005 and 2006 using a polycarbonate dynamic flux chamber (DFC). The Hg flux ranged between -2.5 and 27.2 ng m-2 h-1 and was positively correlated with temperature and solar radiation. The measured Hg emission flux was highest in spring, and summer, and lowest in winter. During leaf-off periods, the Hg emission flux was highly dependent on solar radiation and less dependent on temperature. During leaf-on periods, the Hg emission flux was fairly constant because the forest canopy was shading the forest floor. Two empirical models were developed to estimate yearly Hg0 emissions, one for the leaf-off period and one for the leaf-on period. Using the U.S. EPA's CASTNET meteorological data, the cumulative estimated emission flux was approx. 7.0 μg Hg0 m-2 year-1.