Main content area

Active moss biomonitoring of trace elements with Sphagnum girgensohnii moss bags in relation to atmospheric bulk deposition in Belgrade, Serbia

Anicic, M., Tasic, M., Frontasyeva, M.V., Tomasevic, M., Rajsic, S., Mijic, Z., Popovic, A.
Environmental pollution 2009 v.157 no.2 pp. 673-679
Sphagnum girgensohnii, aluminum, arsenic, atmospheric deposition, atomic absorption spectrometry, bags, cadmium, chromium, copper, iron, lead, manganese, mosses and liverworts, neutron activation analysis, nickel, urban areas, zinc, Serbia
Active biomonitoring with wet and dry moss bags was used to examine trace element atmospheric deposition in the urban area of Belgrade. The element accumulation capability of Sphagnum girgensohnii Russow was tested in relation to atmospheric bulk deposition. Moss bags were mounted for five 3-month periods (July 2005-October 2006) at three representative urban sites. For the same period monthly bulk atmospheric deposition samples were collected. The concentrations of Al, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, and Pb were determined by instrumental neutron activation analyses and atomic absorption spectrometry. Significant accumulation of most elements occurred in the exposed moss bags compared with the initial moss content. High correlations between the elements in moss and bulk deposits were found for V, Cu, As, and Ni. The enrichment factors of the elements for both types of monitor followed the same pattern at the corresponding sites.