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Selected body composition methods can be used in the field studies
- Ellis, K.J.
- Journal of nutrition 2001 v.131 no.5 pp. 1589S
- body composition, methodology, anthropometric measurements, body water, impedance, volume, image analysis, accuracy, nutrition research, skinfold thickness
- This article provides an overview of the present status of in vivo body composition methodologies that have potential for use in field studies. The methods are divided into four general categories: anthropometric indices and skinfold, body volume measurements, body water measurements including bioelectrical methods, and imaging techniques. Among the newest technologies are air-displacement plethysmography, three-dimensional photonic scanning, multifrequency bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy and whole-body tomography using electrical impedance and magnetic induction. These newer approaches are compared with the established reference methods. The advantages and limitations of each technique as a field method are presented relative to the corresponding concepts of an ideal method.