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Preparation of carbon coated Fe₃O₄ nanoparticles and their application for solid-phase extraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from environmental water samples

Zhang, Shengxiao, Niu, Hongyun, Hu, Zhengjun, Cai, Yaqi, Shi, Yali
Journal of chromatography 2010 v.1217 no.29 pp. 4757-4764
acetonitrile, adsorbents, adsorption, carbon, chromatography, detection limit, iron oxides, nanoparticles, pH, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, salinity, solid phase extraction, surface area
The carbon coated Fe₃O₄ nanoparticles (Fe₃O₄/C) were synthesized by a simple hydrothermal reaction and applied as solid-phase extraction (SPE) sorbents to extract trace polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from environmental water samples. The Fe₃O₄/C sorbents possess high adsorption capacity and extraction efficiency due to strong adsorption ability of carbon materials and large surface area of nanoparticles, and only 50mg of sorbents are required to extract PAHs from 1000mL water samples. The adsorption attains equilibrium rapidly and analytes are eluted with acetonitrile readily. Salinity and solution pH have no obvious effect on the recoveries of PAHs, which avoids fussy adjustment to water sample before extraction. Under optimized conditions, the detection limits of PAHs are in the range of 0.2-0.6ngL⁻¹. The accuracy of the method was evaluated by the recoveries of spiked samples. Good recoveries (76-110%) with low relative standard deviations from 0.8% to 9.7% are achieved. This new SPE method provides several advantages, such as high extraction efficiency, high breakthrough volumes, convenient extraction procedure, and short analysis times. To our knowledge, this is the first time that Fe₃O₄/C nanoparticles are used for the pretreatment of environmental water samples.