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Retrogradation of corn starch after thermal treatment at different temperatures

Liu, Hongsheng, Yu, Long, Chen, Ling, Li, Lin
Carbohydrate polymers 2007 v.69 no.4 pp. 756-762
amylose, annealing, corn starch, enthalpy, gelatinization, heat treatment, lipids, melting, retrogradation, temperature
Multi-endotherms of the gelatinization of corn starch, such as G, M1, M2, and Z endotherms, have been detected by DSC. The retrogradation of corn starch after initial thermal treatment at different temperatures was studied by DSC; in particular, the effect of thermal treatment before and after each endotherm of gelatinization on retrogradation was determined as a function of annealing time. The effect of thermal treatment at a certain temperature on the residual gelatinization endotherm at a higher temperature is also discussed. It was found that the higher temperature of thermal treatment always removed all the endotherms below that temperature. However, a certain thermal treatment temperature could affect the residual endotherm above this treatment temperature. The time-dependent retrogradation of corn starch is mainly due to G and M1 endotherms. The temperature and enthalpy of the melting of amylose–lipid complexes M2 and nonlipid complex amylose Z were not affected by aging time. The final enthalpy of retrogradation was found to be lower than that of gelatinization.