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Isolation of antioxidants from Psoralea corylifolia fruits using high-speed counter-current chromatography guided by thin layer chromatography-antioxidant autographic assay

Xiao, Guodong, Li, Guowen, Chen, Liang, Zhang, Zijia, Yin, Jun-Jie, Wu, Tao, Cheng, Zhihong, Wei, Xiaohui, Wang, Zhengtao
Journal of chromatography 2010 v.1217 no.34 pp. 5470-5476
Cullen corylifolium, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, countercurrent chromatography, electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, ethyl acetate, flavonoids, fruits, inhibitory concentration 50, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, psoralen, solvents, thin layer chromatography
A combinative method using high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) and thin layer chromatography (TLC) as an antioxidant autographic assay was developed to separate antioxidant components from the fruits of Psoralea corylifolia. Under the guidance of TLC bioautography, eight compounds including five flavonoids and three coumarins were successfully separated from the fruits of P. corylifolia by HSCCC with an optimized two-phase solvent system, n-hexane-ethyl acetate-methanol-water (1:1.1:1.3:1, v/v/v/v). The separation produced 5.91mg psoralen, 6.26mg isopsoralen, 3.19mg psoralidin, 0.92mg corylifol A, and 2.43mg bavachinin with corresponding purities of 99.5, 99.8, 99.4, 96.4, and 99.0%, as well as three sub-fractions, in a single run from 250mg ethyl acetate fraction of P. corylifolia extract. Following an additional clean-up step by preparative TLC, 0.4mg 8-prenyldaidzein (purity 91.7%), 4.18mg neobavaisoflavone (purity 97.4%) and 4.36mg isobavachalcone (purity 96.8%) were separated from the three individual sub-fractions. The structures of the isolated compounds were identified by ¹H NMR and ¹³C NMR. The results of antioxidant activity estimation by electron spin resonance (ESR) method showed that psoralidin was the most active antioxidant with an IC₅₀ value of 44.7μM. This is the first report on simultaneous separation of eight compounds from P. corylifolia by HSCCC.