Main content area

Vibrio anguillarum serogroup O3 and V. anguillarum-like serogroup O3 cross-reactive species--comparison and characterization

Tiainen, T., Pedersen, K., Larsen, J.L.
Journal of applied microbiology 1997 v.82 no.2 pp. 211-218
Vibrio aestuarianus, Vibrio anguillarum, antiserum, cluster analysis, feces, fish, gills, lysine decarboxylase, pathogenicity, plankton, ribotypes, sediments, serotypes
Forty-five Vibrio anguillarum-like isolates reacting with V. anguillarum serogroup O3 antiserum were examined in 30 characters to clarify their phenotypical properties, while their genotype was examined by ribotyping. The strains were isolated from diseased and dead fish or from environmental sources such as water, sediment, plankton, and faeces and gills of healthy fish. Phenotypically, the similarity of all the strains was more than 90%. However, significant differences between the fish-associated and environmental strains were detected. Biochemically, deviations were found in the Voges-Proskauer test and lysine decarboxylase reaction. Clustering analysis of the ribotypes showed two distinct clusters with a similarity of only 32%. Two strains representing each of these groups were used in a LD450 study, which showed some difference also in the pathogenicity between environmental and fish strains. It is suggested that the environmental strains belong to another species than V. anguillarum, but serologically cross-reacting with the V. anguillarum serogroup O3. The ribotyping as well as biochemical results indicated that the environmental strains possibly belong to Vibrio aestuarianus. The bona fide V. anguillarum serogroup O3 strains proved to be very homogeneous both phenotypically and genotypically, and the similarity of ribotypes was more than 96%. The V. anguillarum-like, serogroup O3-reactive strains from the environment were more heterogeneous in their biochemical behaviour, and showed an approximately 70% similarity in ribotypes.