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Determination of the insecticide diflubenzuron in mushrooms by kinetic method and high-performance liquid chromatographic method

Grahovac, Z.M., Mitic, S.S., Pecev, E.T, Pavlovic, A.N
Journal of environmental science and health 2010 v.45 no.8 pp. 783-789
copper, detection limit, diflubenzuron, equations, high performance liquid chromatography, hydrogen peroxide, insecticides, mushrooms, oxidation, urea
In the present study, a new sensitive and simple kinetic-spectrophotometric method for the determination of the insecticide diflubenzuron [1-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-(2,6-diflubenzoil)urea] is proposed. The method is based on the inhibited effect of diflubenzuron on the oxidation of sulphanilic acid (SA) by hydrogen peroxide in phosphate buffer in presence Cu(II) ion. Diflubenzuron was determined with linear calibration graph in the interval from 0.31 to 3.1 μg mL-1 and from 3.1 to 31.0 μg mL-1. The optimized conditions yielded a theoretical detection limit of 0.18 μg mL-1corresponding to 0.036 mg Kg-1mushroom sample based on the 3Sb criterion. The RSD is 5.03-1.83 % and 2.81-0.71 % for the concentration interval of diflubenzuron 0.31-3.1 μg mL-1and 3.1-31.0 μg mL-1, respectively. The reaction was followed spectrophotometrically at 370 nm. The kinetic parameters of the reaction are reported, and the rate equations are suggested. The developed procedure was successfully applied to the rapid determination of diflubenzuron in spiked mushroom samples of different mushroom species. The HPLC method was used like a comparative method to verify results.