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Characterization by main morphological traits of grape berry and seeds from an archaeological excavation in Sardinia

Campus, D., Farci, M., Bandino, G., Lovicu, G., Campus, F.
Acta horticulturae 2014 no.1032 pp. 91-98
Vitis, beak, grapes, morphometry, seeds, trade, Sardinia
The Nuragic civilization has developed in Sardinia since the second millennium BC. Ancient Sardinians were an important part of the network of trade and cultural exchanges with other civilizations in the Mediterranean. The presence of remains of Vitis sp. coming from Nuragic sites is documented in several excavations carried out in the island. In one of these excavations, in the central area of Sardinia, a berry along with some seeds were discovered. Berry and seeds were subjected to morphological investigations. Due to the bad condition of the seeds only the use of morphometric indices could be possible: the index of Stummer, the index of Perret and the index of Mangafa and Kotsakis. The berry of Villanovatulo is charred, dehydrated and severally damaged. Inside the laceration it is possible to see two pips. The pips found near the berry are charred and damaged. The only detectable data are length, width, and the length of the beak. The use of the index for the attribution of the pips to one of the two subspecies of Vitis, wild or cultivated, is discussed.