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Control of Mushroom Sciarid Fly Lycoriella ingenua Populations with Insect Growth Regulators Applied by Soil Drench
- Erler, F., Polat, E., Demir, H., Catal, M., Tuna, G.
- Journal of economic entomology 2011 v.104 no.3 pp. 839-844
- Agaricus bisporus, Lycoriella, adults, chlorpyrifos, diflubenzuron, flufenoxuron, larvae, lufenuron, methoprene, mushrooms, novaluron, pests, pyriproxyfen, soil drenching, teflubenzuron
- Mushroom sciarid fly Lycoriella ingenua (Dufour, 1839) comb, nov., is one of the most common fly pests affecting the cultivation of Agaricus bisporus (Lange) Imbach in Turkey In this study, eight insect growth regulators (IGRs)-diflubenzuron, flufenoxuron, lufenuron, methoprene, novaluron, pyriproxyfen, teflubenzuron, and triflumuron-were tested for their potential to control L. ingenua populations in two successive growing periods. Treatments were targeted at larvae as soil drenches; treatment efficacy was evaluated by assessing adult emergence and larval damage. These products were compared with a control treated with water (negative control) and a conventional chemical insecticide (chlorpyrifos ethyl) (positive control). Treatments with the IGRs caused significant reductions in emerging adult numbers and sporophore damage rates compared with the water-treated control over the two growing periods. Of the IGRs tested, novaluron, diflubenzuron, and teflubenzuron had significantly lower numbers of emerging adults than the rest of the IGRs and chlorpyrifos ethyl-treated control in both periods. Treatments with teflubenzuron, pyriproxyfen, novaluron, and diflubenzuron resulted in significantly lower sporophore damage rates than all other treatments. Compared with negative control, there were no significant yield reductions due to applications of selected IGRs. The results suggest that all the IGRs tested can be used as alternatives to conventional pesticides in controlling L. ingenua populations on mushroom.