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Ca2+-ATPase protein expression in mammary tissue
- Reinhardt, T.A., Filoteo, A.G., Penniston, J.T., Horst, R.L.
- American journal of physiology 2000 v.279 no.5 pp. C1595
- mammary glands, adenosinetriphosphatase, lactation, pregnancy, Golgi apparatus, rats, plasma membrane
- Protein expression of plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPases (PMCAs) and the putative Golgi secretory pathway Ca2+-ATPase (SPCA) was examined in rat mammary tissue. As lactation started, PMCA protein expression increased dramatically, and this increased expression paralleled milk production. Mammary PMCA was primarily PMCA2b but was apprx4,000 daltons larger than expected. RT-PCR showed that the primary mammary PMCA2b transcript was alternatively spliced, at splice site A, to include an additional 135 bp, resulting in the insertion of 45 amino acids. This splice form is designated 2bw. PMCA2bw is secreted into milk, associated with the milk fat globule membrane. Therefore, PMCA2bw is located on the apical membrane of the secretory cell. Smaller amounts of PMCA1b and 4b protein were found in mammary tissue. PMCA4b was the major PMCA expressed in developing tissue, and its level declined as lactation started. PMCA1b expression increased moderately during lactation. SPCA protein expression increased 1 wk before parturition and increased further as lactation proceeded. The abundance and cell location of PMCA2b suggest that it is important for macro-Ca2+ homeostasis in lactating tissue. The pattern of expression and abundance of SPCA suggest that it is a candidate for the Golgi Ca2+-ATPase.