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Search for effective natural enemies of Tetranychus evansi (Acari: Tetranychidae) in northwest Argentina
- Furtado, Imeuda P., Toledo, Silvana, de Moraes, Gilberto J., Kreiter, Serge, Knapp, Markus
- Experimental & applied acarology 2007 v.43 no.2 pp. 121-127
- Amblyseius idaeus, Euseius, Neoseiulus californicus, Phytoseiulus, Tetranychus evansi, acarology, adults, biological control, immatures, natural enemies, pest control, pests, predatory mites, tomatoes, Africa, Argentina, Denmark
- The mite Tetranychus evansi Baker & Pritchard (Tetranychidae) probably originated in South America. Because of its importance as a tomato pest in Africa, an extensive project has been conducted to detect potentially effective natural enemies in South America for the classical biological control of the pest in Africa. A search for the natural enemies of T. evansi was conducted in the Province of Tucumán, northwestern Argentina, in December 2004, and this report describes the results. One hundred predatory mites of the family Phytoseiidae referring to 11 species were collected on 11 examined species of solanaceous plants. The most abundant phytoseiid species collected were Neoseiulus californicus (McGregor) and Euseius concordis (Chant). Adults and immatures of those species, as well as of Neoseiulus idaeus Denmark & Muma, Phytoseiulus fragariae Denmark & Schicha and Proprioseiopsis cannaensis (Muma) were found in association with T. evansi, suggesting that they were developing on the pest. However, because of the possible biological differences between populations of a given species, biological studies evaluating T. evansi as a prey for those predators seem desirable.