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In vitro anti-Malassezia activity of xanthorrhizol isolated from Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb

Rukayadi, Y., Hwang, J.-K.
Letters in applied microbiology 2007 v.44 no.2 pp. 126-130
Curcuma zanthorrhiza, Malassezia furfur, Malassezia pachydermatis, minimum inhibitory concentration
This study aimed at investigating the anti-Malassezia activity of xanthorrhizol (XTZ) isolated from Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb. against Malassezia furfur ATCC 14521 and Malassezia pachydermatis ATCC 14522. The in vitro susceptibility tests for XTZ were carried out in terms of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC), using broth microdilution method with endpoint after 48 h. Time-kill curves were determined at concentrations ranging from 0 to 25 μg ml⁻¹. The MIC values of XTZ against M. furfur and M. pachydermatis were 1·25 and 0·25 μg ml⁻¹, respectively. The MFC of XTZ was 5 μg ml⁻¹ for M. furfur and 2·5 μg ml⁻¹ for M. pachydermatis. Time-kill curves demonstrated that treatment with 25 μg ml⁻¹ of XTZ for 5 h was able to kill 100% of M. furfur, while 20 μg ml⁻¹ of XTZ for 15 min killed M. pachydermatis completely. XTZ shows potential as an anti-Malassezia agent for inhibiting the growth of M. furfur ATCC 14521 and M. pachydermatis ATCC 14522 in vitro. XTZ may be a useful alternative for treating Malassezia-associated diseases.