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Large Volume Headspace Analysis Using Solid-Phase Microcolumn Extraction

Tölgyessy, Peter, Vrana, Branislav, Hrivňák, Ján
Chromatographia 2007 v.66 no.9-10 pp. 815-817
BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene), agitation, benzene, desorption, detection limit, ethylbenzene, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, glass, headspace analysis, isomers, toluene, xylene
A rapid and simple large volume headspace (HS) sampling technique termed headspace solid-phase microcolumn extraction (HS-SPMCE) is described. HS gas above a liquid or solid sample is aspirated by attaching a gas-tight syringe onto a glass thermal desorption tube filled with Tenax sorbent. The trapped analytes are recovered by thermal desorption for gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and the xylene isomers (BTEX) are used as model compounds to demonstrate the application of the extraction procedure for water samples. The results of the tests of the effect of agitation time and aspiration rate on recovery of the analytes show a good robustness of the method. BTEX are determined in the linear range from 0.5 to 50.0 μg L-¹ with limits of detection (3 σ) ranging within 0.09-0.14 μg L-¹ (MS was in scan mode). The method provides a good repeatability (RSD < 9%) and only a negligible carryover effect was observed (<=0.05%) when analysing BTEX at concentration 50.0 μg L-¹.