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Determination of Biodegradation Process of Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene and Xylenes in Seabed Sediment by Purge and Trap Gas Chromatography

Han, Dongqiang, Ma, Wanyun, Chen, Dieyan
Chromatographia 2007 v.66 no.11-12 pp. 899-904
BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene), benzene, biodegradation, detection limit, ethylbenzene, gas chromatography, headspace analysis, microorganisms, oils, petroleum, sediments, toluene, transportation, xylene
Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) are commonly found in crude oil and are used in geochemical investigations as direct indicators of the presence of oil and gas. BTEX are easily volatile and can be degraded by microorganisms, which affect their precise measurement seriously. A method for determining the biodegradation process of BTEX in seabed sediment using dynamic headspace (purge and trap) gas chromatography with a photoionization detector (PID) was developed, which had a detection limit of 7.3-13.2 ng L-¹ and a recovery rate of 91.6-95.0%. The decrease in the concentration of BTEX components was monitored in seabed sediment samples, which was caused by microorganism biodegradation. The results of BTEX biodegradation process were of great significance in the collection, transportation, preservation, and measurement of seabed sediment samples in the geochemical investigations of oil and gas.