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Implementation of chemometric methodology in ACE: Predictive investigation of protein-ligand binding

Hanrahan, Grady, Montes, Ruth E., Pao, Amaris, Johnson, Amos, Gomez, Frank A.
Electrophoresis 2007 v.28 no.16 pp. 2853-2860
carbonate dehydratase, chemometrics, electrophoresis, mathematical models, prediction, statistical analysis
An ACE predictive investigation of protein-ligand binding using a highly effective chemometric response surface design technique is presented. Here, Kd was estimated using one noninteracting standard which relates to changes in the electrophoretic mobility of carbonic anhydrase B (CAB, EC on complexation with the ligand 4-carboxybenzenesulfonamide (CBSA) present in the electrophoresis buffer. Experimental factors including injection time, capillary length, and applied voltage were selected and tested at three levels in a Box-Behnken design. Statistical analysis results were used to create a mathematical model for response surface prediction via contour and surface plots at a given target response (Kd = 1.19x10⁻⁶ M). As expected, there were a number of predicted solutions that reached our target response based on the significance of each factor at appropriate levels. The adequacy of the model was validated by experimental runs with the predicted model solution (capillary length = 47 cm, voltage = 11 kV, injection time = 0.01 min) presented in detail as an example.