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The gametocidal chromosome as a tool for chromosome manipulation in wheat

Endo, T. R.
Chromosome research 2007 v.15 no.1 pp. 67-75
Aegilops, Triticum, barley, chromosome breakage, chromosome translocation, chromosomes, genes, germ cells, mutation, polyploidy, rye, wheat
Many alien chromosomes have been introduced into common wheat (the genus Triticum) from related wild species (the genus Aegilops). Some alien chromosomes have unique genes that secure their existence in the host by causing chromosome breakage in the gametes lacking them. Such chromosomes or genes, called gametocidal (Gc) chromosomes or Gc genes, are derived from different genomes (C, S, Sl and Mg) and belong to three different homoeologous groups 2, 3 and 4. The Gc genes of the C and Mg genomes induce mild, or semi-lethal, chromosome mutations in euploid and alien addition lines of common wheat. Thus, induced chromosomal rearrangements have been identified and established in wheat stocks carrying deletions of wheat and alien (rye and barley) chromosomes or wheat-alien translocations. The gametocidal chromosomes isolated in wheat to date are reviewed here, focusing on their feature as a tool for chromosome manipulation.