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Drought effects on yield and its components in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.)

Chauhan, J.S., Tyagi, M.K., Kumar, A., Nashaat, N.I., Singh, M., Singh, N.B., Jakhar, M.L., Welham, S.J.
Plant breeding 2007 v.126 no.4 pp. 399-402
Brassica juncea, branches, breeding, cultivars, disease and pest management, drought, drought tolerance, genotype, harvest index, irrigation, seed yield, spring
Effects of drought on yield and yield components were investigated during the spring season 2000-2001 by growing 14 Indian mustard genotypes under irrigated and rain-fed conditions at Bharatpur and Jobner. A disease and pest management schedule was followed when required. The drought susceptibility index (DSI) for seed yield and component characteristics was calculated to characterize the relative tolerance of genotypes. Plant height, primary branches, secondary branches per plant, 1000-seed weight and seed yield were reduced under rain-fed conditions. The top five genotypes at Bharatpur that showed tolerance to moisture stress for seed yield, as indicated by their lowest DSI, were, in descending order PSR-20, PRO-97024, JMMWR-941, IS-1787 and PCR-7, whereas at Jobner these were JMMWR-941, RC-1446, PSR-20, RH-819 and 'Varuna'. Of these, PSR-20 and JMMWR-941 were among the top six at both locations. These genotypes also showed relatively low DSI for one or more characteristics, such as primary branches per plant, secondary branches per plant, harvest index and seed : husk ratio. Genotypes with the lowest DSI, particularly for seed yield at both locations, would serve as useful donors in the breeding programme for improving the drought tolerance of existing Indian mustard cultivars.