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Comparison of glass transition and interpretation on miscibility in blends of amorphous poly(vinyl methyl ether) with highly crystallizable versus less-crystallizable polyesters Part B Polymer physics

Chiang, Wan-Jing, Woo, E.M.
Journal of polymer science 2007 v.45 no.20 pp. 2899-2911
crystal structure, differential scanning calorimetry, glass transition, microscopy, physics, polyesters
Various phase behavior of blends of poly(vinyl ether)s with polyesters of two types (highly crystalline and less crystalline with different main-chains) were examined using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and optical microscopy (OM). Effects of varying the main-chain polarity of the constituent polyesters on the phase behavior of the blends were analyzed. Miscibility in PVME/polyester blends was found only in polyesters with backbone CH₂/CO ratio = 3.5 to 7.0). Tg-composition relationships for blends of PVME with highly crystalline polyesters (PBA, PHS) were found to differ significantly from those for PVME blends with less-crystalline polyesters (PTA, PEAz). Crystallinity of highly crystalline polyester constituents in blends caused significant asymmetry in the Tg-composition relationships, and induced positive deviation of blends' Tg above linearity; on the other hand, blends of PVME with less crystalline polyesters exhibit typical Fox or Gordon-Taylor types of relationships. The χ parameters for the miscible blends were found to range from -0.17 to -0.33, reflecting generally weak interactions. Phase behavior was analyzed and compared among blends of PVME with rapidly crystallizing vs. less-crystallizing polyesters, respectively. Effects of polyesters' crystallinity and structures on phase behavior of PVME/polyester blends are discussed. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys 45: 2899-2911, 2007