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Supply chain management of rambutan fruit for export in Chanthaburi province
- Tongtao, S., Srilaong, V., Wasusri, T., Boonyaritthongchai, P., Kanlayanarat, S.
- Acta horticulturae 2012 no.943 pp. 281-284
- collectors, continuous cropping, cultivars, exports, farmers, fruit crops, fruit yield, harvesting, ice, intercropping, markets, postharvest treatment, storage quality, supply chain, temperature, China, Thailand
- Rambutan (Nephellium lappaceum) supply chain was analyzed focusing on farmers and exporters in Chanthaburi province, Thailand, during November 2009 - April 2010. Information on general management, cultural practices, postharvest handling and marketing was collected by interviewing the targeted farmers and exporters from four districts of the province, namely, Khao-kitchakood, Makham, Khlung and Thamai. Farmers with age ranging from 28-80 years old have been cultivating rambutan for 4-40 years. ‘Rongrien’ was the main commercial cultivar grown as a monocrop or with other fruit crops as intercrop on an area ranging from 0.48-12.48 hectares at a spacing that varied from 3 x 4 meters to 12 x 12 meters. Fruit yield ranged from 1,131-18,750 kg/hectare with marketable yield, off grade and non-marketable yield comprising about 74.9, 19.8 and 6.3% of the total harvest, respectively. Harvesting usually took an average of 6.27 h/day from morning till noontime. Harvested fruit were sold to collectors, wholesalers and retailer at the meeting-point market or to roadside vendors. Most of the produce were destined for the local market while only about 7% for export mainly to mainland China, Hong Kong and Chinese Taipei. Export grade fruit were cleaned and packed in foam bag at 9 kg/bag. For improving keeping quality, exporters used ice to maintain cool temperature in the packing box during transport. Transport period was about 4 h from the packinghouse to the airport and 3-4 h from the airport to the terminal market. Improving the current supply chain management practices could expand export.