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Genetic Diversity of Fusarium oxysporum Populations Isolated from Tomato Plants in Tunisia
- Hibar, K., Edel-Herman, V., Steinberg, C., Gautheron, N., Daami-Remadi, M., Alabouvette, C., El Mahjoub, M.
- Phytopathologische Zeitschrift 2007 v.155 no.3 pp. 136-142
- Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium wilt, Solanum lycopersicum var. lycopersicum, crops, genetic relationships, genetic variation, greenhouses, intergenic DNA, pathogenicity, pathogens, restriction fragment length polymorphism, root crown, root rot, tomatoes, Tunisia
- Fusarium crown and root rot of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. radicis-lycopersici is a new devastative disease of tomato greenhouse crops in Tunisia. Nothing is known neither about the population of this pathogen in this region, nor about the population of F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici the causal agent of Fusarium wilt of tomato. In order to examine the genetic relatedness among the F. oxysporum isolates by intergenic spacer restriction fragment length polymorphism (IGS-RFLP) analysis and to elucidate the origin of the formae specialesradicis-lycopersici in Tunisia by looking for genetic similarity of Tunisians isolates with isolates from a foreign source, the genetic diversity among F. oxysporum f. sp. radicis-lycopersici and F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici populations was investigated. A total of 62 isolates of F. oxysporum, obtained from symptomless tomato plants, were characterized using IGS typing and pathogenicity tests on tomato plants. All Fusarium isolates were highly pathogenic on tomato. Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. radicis-lycopersici isolates were separated into five IGS types. From the 53 F. oxysporum f. sp. radicis-lycopersici isolates, 34 isolates have the same IGS types (IGS type 25), and the remaining 19 isolates were distributed into four IGS types. However, the only nine isolates of F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici have six different IGS types. This difference of diversity between the two formae speciales suggests that F. oxysporum f. sp. radicis-lycopersici isolates have a foreign origin and may have been accidentally introduced into Tunisia.