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Season-dependent effect of daily frequency of feed distribution on the rate of feed consumption and reproductive performance in sows during lactation
- IMAEDA, Noriaki, YOSHIOKA, Gou
- Animal science journal = 2007 v.78 no.5 pp. 560-565
- Large White, adverse effects, body weight, estrus, farrowing, feed intake, lactation, piglets, reproductive performance, sows, survival rate, warm season
- The effects of the daily frequency of feed distribution (once, One; twice, Two; and four times, Four,) on the rate of feed consumption (RFC) and reproductive performance were investigated in Large White sows farrowing in the hot season from June to September (H sows) and in the rest of the year (R sows). The RFC was greater in feeding treatment Four than Two (P < 0.01) in H sows; however, bodyweight loss during lactation was not affected by the feeding treatment. No difference in effects of frequency of feed distribution for sows was observed on piglet growth. The survival rate of the piglets was not different between feeding treatments. The number of sows that came into estrus within 7 days post-weaning was smaller in the feeding treatment Four than One (P < 0.05) in H sows and those of Four than One (P < 0.01) and Two (P < 0.05) in R sows. These results suggest that in sows during lactation increasing the daily frequency of feed distribution may have a negative effect on reproductive performance.