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Alkali isomerization--gas chromatography with the microreactor apparatus
- Bitner, E.D., Lanser, A.C., Dutton, H.J.
- Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society 1971 v.48 no.10 pp. 633
- soybean oil, polyunsaturated fatty acids, triacylglycerols, esterification, chemical analysis, food analysis, analytical methods, linoleic acid, palmitic acid, alkali treatment, hydrogenation, isomerization, fatty acid esters, isomers, conjugated linoleic acid
- A simple and rapid method of simultaneously conjugating polyunsaturation and forming methyl esters from triglyceride oils, other esters and fatty acids has been developed by using the microreactor apparatus (MRA). These reactions occur while a mixture of tetramethylammonium hydroxide and sample of fat is being injected into a gas chromatograph from the MRA reaction chamber. The speed of this microanalysis is limited only by peak elution and peak integration times. Analyses of soybean oil and six partially hydrogenated fats have been compared with those previously obtained by the alkali isomerization spectrometric method. The amount of conjugation that occurs during the reaction is a measure of the linoleic acid in the oil. This procedure should prove useful for rapid microscale analysis of conjugatable dienes in a variety of samples, including edible fat products.