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Characteristics of Japanese cucurbits
- Sakata, Y., Sugiyama, M.
- Acta horticulturae 2002 no.588 pp. 195-203
- Cucurbitaceae, cucumbers, cultivars, imports, watermelons, Japan
- Cucurbits are the most important vegetable family in Japan, and they are produced throughout the country. Some unique cucurbits, cucumber and melon in particular, were developed in Japan, because of its geographic isolation and, until the mid 19th century, its political isolation. In the 20th century, North-Chinese cultivars of cucumber and Western cultivars of melon and watermelon also became available in Japan in addition to the East-Asian varieties. These imports became the basis for modern Japanese cucurbit cultivars. In this report, we briefly describe Japanese cucumber, melon, and watermelon cultivars and their history.