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Quantitation of Mycotoxins in Food and Feed from Burkina Faso and Mozambique Using a Modern LC-MS/MS Multitoxin Method

Warth, Benedikt, Parich, Alexandra, Atehnkeng, Joseph, Bandyopadhyay, Ranajit, Schuhmacher, Rainer, Sulyok, Michael, Krska, Rudolf
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2012 v.60 no.36 pp. 9352-9363
aflatoxin B1, citrinin, corn, cyclopiazonic acid, deoxynivalenol, feeds, fruits, fumonisin B1, metabolites, millets, nivalenol, ochratoxin A, peanuts, processed foods, rice, sterigmatocystin, wheat, zearalenone, Burkina Faso, Mozambique
In this study an LC-MS/MS multitoxin method covering a total of 247 fungal and bacterial metabolites was applied to the analysis of different foods and feedstuffs from Burkina Faso and Mozambique. Overall, 63 metabolites were determined in 122 samples of mainly maize and groundnuts and a few samples of sorghum, millet, rice, wheat, soy, dried fruits, other processed foods and animal feeds. Aflatoxin B₁ was observed more frequently in maize (Burkina Faso, 50% incidence, median = 23.6 μg/kg; Mozambique, 46% incidence, median = 69.9 μg/kg) than in groundnuts (Burkina Faso, 22% incidence, median = 10.5 μg/kg; Mozambique, 14% incidence, median = 3.4 μg/kg). Fumonisin B₁ concentrations in maize were higher in Mozambique (92% incidence, median = 869 μg/kg) than in Burkina Faso (81% incidence, median = 269 μg/kg). In addition, ochratoxin A, zearalenone, deoxynivalenol, nivalenol, and other less reported mycotoxins such as citrinin, alternariol, cyclopiazonic acid, sterigmatocystin, moniliformin, beauvericin, and enniatins were detected. Up to 28 toxic fungal metabolites were quantitated in a single sample, emphasizing the great variety of mycotoxin coexposure. Most mycotoxins have not been reported before in either country.