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Biological Anoxic/Aerobic Treatment of Swine Waste for Reduction of Organic Carbon, Nitrogen, and Odor

Pan, P.T., Drapcho, C.M.
Transactions of the ASAE 2001 v.44 no.6 pp. 1789-1796
ammonia, anaerobic conditions, bacteria, biological treatment, biomass, carbon, chemical oxygen demand, municipal wastewater, nitrate nitrogen, nitrates, nitrogen, odors, organic compounds, specific growth rate, swine, waste reduction
A continuous-flow anoxic/aerobic (A/A) biological treatment system designed to treat swine wastewater was investigated. Laboratory studies were conducted to determine the heterotrophic bacteria kinetic parameter values in swine wastewater. Maximum specific growth rate estimates at 20 ° C were low, 0.075 and 0.055 hr -1 for aerobic and anoxic conditions, respectively, indicating that swine wastewater is relatively difficult to degrade. Estimates of the half saturation constant for aerobic and anoxic conditions, 167 and 163 mg/L COD, and biomass yield, 0.51 and 0.47 mg COD/mg COD, were within ranges reported for heterotrophic bacteria in municipal wastewater. A bench-scale A/A system was operated at anoxic and aerobic hydraulic retention times of 35 and 36 hr and a recirculation ratio of 1.0. At steady state, ammonia was reduced from an influent value of 1,420 mg/L to an effluent value of 209 mg/L NH 4 -N, total COD was reduced from 10,480 mg/L to 3,290 mg/L COD, and total sulfide was reduced from 25 mg/L to <0.1 mg/L S -2 . The nitrate concentration increased from <0.1 mg/L in the influent to 620 mg/L NO 3 -N in the final effluent, resulting in an overall inorganic nitrogen (ammonia and nitrate) removal of 42%. These results indicate that the A/A system was effective in reducing the concentration of organic compounds, inorganic nitrogen and sulfide in swine wastewater.