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Impact of Dietary Dairy Polar Lipids on Lipid Metabolism of Mice Fed a High-Fat Diet

Reis, Mariza G., Roy, Nicole C., Bermingham, Emma N., Ryan, Leigh, Bibiloni, Rodrigo, Young, Wayne, Krause, Lutz, Berger, Bernard, North, Mike, Stelwagen, Kerst, Reis, Marlon M.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2013 v.61 no.11 pp. 2729-2738
adipose tissue, arachidonic acid, brain, correlation, high fat diet, intestinal microorganisms, lipid metabolism, liver, mice, palmitic acid, phospholipids
The effect of milk polar lipids on lipid metabolism of liver, adipose tissue, and brain and on composition of intestinal microbiota was investigated. C57BL/6J mice were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 5 weeks, followed by 5 weeks with HFD without (control) or supplemented with total polar lipids (TPL), phospholipids (PL), or sphingolipids (SPL). Animals fed SPL showed a tendency for lower triglyceride synthesis (P = 0.058) in the liver, but not in adipose tissue. PL and TPL reduced de novo hepatic fatty acid biosynthesis. The ratio of palmitoleic to palmitic acid in the liver was lower for animals fed SPL or TPL compared to control. There was little effect of the supplementation on the cecal microbiota composition. In the brain, DHA (C22:6) content correlated negatively with tetracosanoic acid (C24:0) after TPL supplementation (−0.71, P = 0.02) but not in control (0.26, P = 0.44). Arachidonic acid (C20:4) was negatively correlated with C24:0 in both groups (TPL, −0.77, P = 0.008; control, −0.81, P = 0.003).