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Anthocyanin Composition of Cabernet Sauvignon and Tempranillo Grapes at Different Stages of Ripening
- Ryan, Jose-Maria, Revilla, Eugenio
- Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2003 v.51 no.11 pp. 3372-3378
- cultivars, grapes, growing season, petunidin, ripening, sugar content, weather
- Changes in anthocyanins during ripening of Cabernet Sauvignon and Tempranillo grapes were studied over a three year period. The accumulation of anthocyanins showed variations during ripening, especially during the first three weeks after veraison, and the accumulation pattern of those molecules changed only slightly from one year to another. On the other hand, the percentages of the different anthocyanins studied were different for each cultivar, and some changes were observed in both cultivars depending on the weather conditions of the growing season. In warm years the percentages of primitive anthocyanins (delphinidin 3-O-glucoside and petunidin 3-O-glucoside) were slightly lower than in a relatively cool year. Nevertheless, the anthocyanin fingerprints of Cabernet Sauvignon and Tempranillo grapes seem to be rather stable during ripening, despite the sugar content of the grapes.