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Contribution of urban vegetable farmers to food security: the case of the Akinyele local government, Oyo State, Nigeria

Badmus, M.A., Olufolaji, A.O.
Acta horticulturae 2013 no.1007 pp. 815-820
assets, cities, developing countries, diet, education, farmers, farming systems, food security, households, infrastructure, local government, market development, ownership, poverty, private sector, production technology, purchasing, sales, socioeconomic status, transportation, unemployment, urban agriculture, urban population, urbanization, vegetables, Nigeria
The high rate of urbanization, weakened purchasing power, high incidence of poverty, retrenchments in public and private sector and high unemployment rate have curtailed the capacity of both the urban poor and middle class to purchase all the food they need. There is therefore a growing demand for food that has stimulated the development of diverse agricultural production systems in and around the cities. Ensuring food security and appropriate nutrition of the urban population, in particular of the poorest households, has become a tremendous challenge in many cities in developing countries. While urban agriculture has a major role to play in food security in Nigeria, the importance of vegetable diet of the populace cannot be over-emphasized. This study examines the factors influencing participation in urban vegetable farming in the study area. The variables that were found to significantly affect participation include household size, dependency ratio, transportation cost and years of education (p<0.05). Also, the value of sales were influenced by household size, dependency ratio, expenditure, distance covered, and asset ownership. The paper concludes that the development of physical infrastructure will help support market development and group hire of vehicles as measures to help in solving some of the problems faced by these farmers.