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Breast-feeding, weaning diet and iron deficiency anaemia in infants

Alberico, Ana Paula Mena, Veiga, Glória Valeria da, Baião, Mirian Ribeiro, Souza Santos, Marta Maria Antonieta de, Souza, Sônia Buongermino de, Szarfarc, Sophia Cornbluth
Nutrition and food science 2003 v.33 no.3-4 pp. 111-119
ascorbic acid, beans, breast feeding, children, diet, foods, infants, iron deficiency anemia, liver, milk, nutrition risk assessment, risk, vegetables, weaning, Brazil
This study describes the breast-feeding profile as well as the consumption of iron source foods and vitamin C source foods for both anaemic and non-anaemic children. A total of 500 infants attending two Municipal Primary Health-Care Centres in Rio de Janeiro were assessed. The prevalence of anaemia was 57.6 per cent. A low probability of consumption of exclusive breast-feeding at four months was found (9 per cent for anaemic and 12 per cent for non-anaemic). Further findings showed that the early consumption of cow’s milk, as well as the low probability of consumption and late introduction of beans, liver and green vegetables in the child's diet, were considered risk dietary factors for iron deficiency anaemia among the evaluated children.