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Dietary Factors and the Risk of Testicular Cancer

Bonner, Matthew R., McCann, Susan E., Moysich, Kirsten, B.
Nutrition and cancer 2002 v.44 no.1 pp. 35-43
animals, case-control studies, confidence interval, diet, etiology, food groups, germ cells, histology, nutrients, patients, regression analysis, risk, risk factors, vitamin E
The etiology of testicular cancer (TC) remains largely unknown. Few studies have investigated the role diet may play in the etiology of TC. We report on a hospitalbased case-control study of TC and selected nutrients and food groups. Cases included 117 patients with primary, incident TC treated at Roswell Park Cancer Institute between 1982 and 1998. A total of 334 hospital controls were frequency matched on age to cases. Cases were categorized by histology (seminoma, nonseminoma, and mixed germ cell TC), and multinomial logistic regression and unconditional logistic regression were used to compute odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) comparing each histological type with the controls. For nonseminoma and mixed germ cell TC, vitamin E intake was uggestive of reduced risk (OR = 0.51, 95% CI = 0.15–1.76 and OR = 0.36, 95% CI = 0.01–1.31, respectively); for seminoma, it was suggestive of an increased risk (OR = 2.94, 95% CI = 0.99–8.78). Fat intakes were not associated with nonseminoma or mixed germ cell risk; high saturated, animal, and total fat intakes were suggestive of an increase in risk of seminoma. Overall, diet was not associated with TC. However, risk seemed to differ by histology, suggesting that seminoma, nonseminoma, and mixed germ cell TC may have different etiologies. We suggest that future investigations should continue to stratify cases by histology.