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Disease resistance characterisation of improved cassava genotypes to cassava mosaic disease at different ecozones

Oluwole A. Ariyo, Alfred G.O. Dixon, Gabriel I. Atiri, Emma W. Gachomo, Simeon O. Kotchoni
Archiv für Phytopathologie und Pflanzenschutz 2015 v.48 no.6 pp. 504-518
African cassava mosaic virus, cassava, clones, disease incidence, disease resistance, ecological zones, field experimentation, genotype, leaves, polymerase chain reaction, seasons, tropical agriculture, viruses, Nigeria
Twenty-two cassava genotypes and eight controls were evaluated in two cropping seasons for resistance to cassava mosaic disease (CMD) at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) fields, located at different ecozones of Nigeria. Disease incidence (DI) and index of symptom severity data were obtained monthly at each location and genotype. Symptomatic leaves were also collected during evaluation at each location, and virus was indexed by amplification in polymerase chain reaction. Significant differences within and across locations were observed in the reactions of cassava genotypes to CMD. DI across cassava genotypes was significantly (p = 0.05) highest in the Ibadan (22.6%), followed by Onne (19.3%). Generally, plants of clones 96/0860, 96/1439, 96/0160, 96/1089A, 96/1632, 96/1613, 96/1708, 96/0191, 96/0249 and 96/1565 had significantly lower values of DI in each location. African cassava mosaic virus in single infection was the predominant causal agent of CMD in IITA experimental fields under study.