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The Effect of Pollination on Cd Phytoextraction From Soil by Maize (Zea mays L.)

Xu, Wending, Lu, Guining, Wang, Rui, Guo, Chuling, Liao, Changjun, Yi, Xiaoyun, Dang, Zhi
International journal of phytoremediation 2015 v.17 no.10 pp. 945-950
Zea mays, cadmium, corn, corn soils, farmers, leaves, phytoremediation, pollination, seeds
A pot experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of pollination on cadmium (Cd) phytoextraction from soil by mature maize plants. The results showed that the unpollinated maize plants accumulated 50% more Cd than that of the pollinated plants, even though the dry weight of the former plants was 15% less than that of the latter plants. The Cd accumulation in root and leaf of the unpollinated maize plant was 0.47 and 0.89 times higher than that of the pollinated plant, respectively. The Cd concentration in the cob was significantly decreased because of pollination. Preventing pollination is a promising approach for enhancing the effectiveness of phytoextraction in Cd-contaminated soils by maize. This study suggested that in low Cd-contaminated soil pollination should be encouraged because accumulation of Cd in maize grains is very little and maize seeds can bring farmers economic benefits, while in high Cd-contaminated soil, inhibition of pollination can be applied to enhance phytoextraction of Cd from soil by maize plant.