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Influence of meteorological parameters on Leptosphaeria maculans and L. biglobosa spore release in central and eastern Poland

Dawidziuk, Adam, Kaczmarek, Joanna, Podlesna, Anna, Kasprzyk, Idalia, Jedryczka, Malgorzata
Grana 2012 v.51 no.3 pp. 240-248
Brassica napus var. napus, Leptosphaeria maculans, ascospores, fungi, humans, pathogens, rain, stems, water content, Poland
Leptosphaeria maculans and L. biglobosa are fungal pathogens able to cause allergic reactions in humans and infect plants of Brassica species. The rate of their development and subsequent spore release depend on weather conditions. The aim of this paper was to pinpoint the exact meteorological conditions triggering the release of L. maculans and L. biglobosa ascospores in central and eastern Poland. Multiple regressions indicated that the frequency and amount of rainfall over short periods were important in mediating spore release. The first ascospore event depended mainly on the number of rainy days during the first 10 days of July and the cumulative precipitation during July and September. The most important variables for maximum spore release were cumulative rainfall in the beginning of July and the end of September, as well as the number of days with precipitation events in the first 10 days of August. The results highlighted for the first time the importance of the days preceding the collection of oilseed rape plants from the field. Higher moisture content of senescing but still living stems play a crucial role in the early start of the ascospore season and the maximum release of ascospores. This was not yet considered to date.