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Photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) and Ni(II) in aqueous solution by synthesized nanoparticle ZnO under ultraviolet light irradiation: a kinetic study

Author:
Shirzad Siboni, M., Samadi, M.T., Yang, J.K., Lee, S.M.
Source:
Environmental technology 2011 v.32 no.14 pp. 1573-1579
ISSN:
1479-487X
Subject:
aqueous solutions, catalysts, chromium, corrosion, environmental technology, irradiation, nanoparticles, nickel, pH, photocatalysis, ultraviolet radiation, zinc, zinc oxide
Abstract:
Photocatalytic removal of Cr(VI) and Ni(II) from aqueous solution using synthesized nanoparticle ZnO under ultraviolet (UV) light irradiation was studied in this work. Firstly, nanoparticle ZnO was prepared by the chemical method with an organic chemical inhibitor. Then removal efficiency of Cr(VI) and Ni(II) by nanoparticle ZnO was investigated with variation of the solution pH, ZnO dosage, contact time and initial Cr(VI) and Ni(II) concentration. Maximum removal of Cr(VI) and Ni(II) was observed at near‐neutral pH because the reduced photocatalytic activity of ZnO at exceedingly low and high pH values originates from either acidic/photochemical corrosion of the catalyst and/or surface passivation with Zn(OH)₂. As the ZnO dosage increased, the removal efficiency of Cr(VI) and Ni(II) was continuously enhanced, but was gradually decreased above 1.25 g/l due to the increased blockage of the incident UV light used for the photocatalytic reaction. The optimum ZnO dosage was determined as 1 g/l. Removal efficiencies of Cr(VI) and Ni(II) decreased as initial Cr(VI) and Ni(II) concentration increased, due to an increased inhibition effect on the surface of ZnO resulting from the decreased reaction sites on the surface of ZnO required for the further photocatalytic reaction.
Agid:
338711