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Laser-assisted microdissection of polytene chromosomes from Diptera for the development of molecular markers
- POST, RORY J., KRÜGER, ANDREAS, SOMIARI, STELLA B.
- Molecular ecology notes 2006 v.6 no.3 pp. 634-637
- Chironomus, Culicidae, DNA, Drosophila, Simuliidae, disease vectors, evolution, genetic markers, genome, medical entomology, microscopy, models, nucleotide sequences, polymerase chain reaction, polytene chromosomes, taxonomy
- The structural details visible under the light microscope have made polytene chromosomes from Diptera much used in studies of the taxonomy, evolution and genetics of important biological models such as Drosophila and Chironomus, and the medical entomology of important disease vectors such as blackflies and mosquitoes. This paper describes the isolation of sections of polytene chromosomes from preserved wild-caught blackflies using off-the-shelf laser microdissection microscopy and subsequent analysis of the DNA using polymerase chain reaction. This allows a direct link between the visible structure of the genome and the unknown DNA sequence, facilitating the development of molecular markers for population cytogenetics and cytotaxonomy.