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A multidisciplinary approach to enhance the conservation and use of hazelnut Corylus avellana L. genetic resources

Author:
Bacchetta, L., Rovira, M., Tronci, C., Aramini, M., Drogoudi, P., Silva, A. P., Solar, A., Avanzato, D., Botta, R., Valentini, N., Boccacci, P.
Source:
Genetic resources and crop evolution 2015 v.62 no.5 pp. 649-663
ISSN:
0925-9864
Subject:
Corylus avellana, biodiversity, case studies, farms, genetic variation, germplasm, hazelnuts, indigenous knowledge, rural development, stakeholders, Europe
Abstract:
During recent years, there has been increasing awareness of the importance of adopting a holistic view of biodiversity, including agricultural biodiversity, conservation for sustainable utilization and development. These principles have been underlined in the Convention on Biological Diversity and the European efficiency resources towards 2050. Thus critical issues are now to understand the distribution and extent of genetic diversity available to breeders and stakeholders, the kind and range of characterization, how to face the problem of continuous expanding of germplasm to be conserved. Focusing on the case study of hazelnut which is a crop of great importance for European countries, the paper describes a resourceful strategy for re-organizing and sharing hazelnut genetic resources through an upgrading of knowledge on their value and uses. The paper summarizes the progresses so far and provides a ‘launching pad’ for future researches. The brief review discusses also the recent progresses in recovery, characterization conservation and uses of European hazelnut germplasm achieved by 068 AGRI GEN RES SAFENUT which was one of the 17 Action financed by the European Commission—Directorate General for Agriculture and Rural Development. The current status on the morphological and molecular characterization of the in situ and ex situ of the most important European collections, the rescue and preservation of new accessions recovered on farm were discussed underling critical aspects. A better understanding of hazelnut genetic diversity and its distribution is essential for its conservation and use as well as the harmonization of the morphological and biochemical descriptors. The importance of traditional knowledge is also considered as integrated part of the multidisciplinary approach useful to rationalize genetic resources maintained in the collections. Thus improving the characterization on cultivated and wild forms through the development of a core collection, is the further step to achieve a more effective management and use of European nuts germplasm.
Agid:
3406664