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The Influence of Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. on the Pharmacokinetic Characteristics of Main Components in Rheum palmatum L.

Li, Yun‐xia, Gong, Xiao‐hong, Li, Yan, Zhang, Ruo‐qi, Yuan, An, Zhao, Meng‐jie, Zeng, Dai‐wen, Peng, Cheng
Phytotherapy research 2015 v.29 no.8 pp. 1259-1264
Aconitum carmichaelii, Oriental traditional medicine, Rheum palmatum, bioactive properties, chemical reactions, cytochrome P-450, drug interactions, emodin, materials, oral administration, pharmacokinetics, rhubarb
Rhei Radix et Rhizoma was one of the commonly used traditional Chinese medicines, and the compatibility of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata was the basic herb pair applied in many Chinese traditional prescription. Rhubarb anthraquinones were the main bioactive materials of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma. To elucidate the compatibility of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata, the pharmacokinetics of rhubarb anthraquinones as the main marker constituents were investigated. In the present study, pharmacokinetic differences of rhubarb anthraquinones were detected after oral administration of extract of Rheum palmatum L. and compatibility with Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. After oral administration, no difference of peak time can be found for anthraquinones between rhubarb group and compatibility group. But Cₘₐₓ and area under the curve of aloe‐emodin, emodin and chrysophanol in compatibility group were significantly higher than that in rhubarb group. Although the Cₘₐₓ of rhein in compatibility group was much lower than that in rhubarb group, the area under the curve value was similar in two groups. The clearance and t₁/₂ of rhubarb anthraquinone were also changed after compatibility. The change of pharmacokinetics characteristics of rhubarb anthraquinone after compatibility may be caused by the drug–drug interaction medicated by chemical reaction and cytochromes P450.