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Rapid separation of cyanidin‐3‐glucoside and cyanidin‐3‐rutinoside from crude mulberry extract using high‐performance countercurrent chromatography and establishment of a volumetric scale‐up process
- Choi, Soo‐Jung, Choi, Janggyoo, Lee, Chang Uk, Yoon, Shin Hee, Bae, Soo Kyung, Chin, Young‐Won, Kim, Jinwoong, Yoon, Kee Dong
- Journal of separation science 2015 v.38 no.11 pp. 1828-1836
- anthocyanins, countercurrent chromatography, mulberries, solvents
- This study describes the rapid separation of mulberry anthocyanins; namely, cyanidin‐3‐glucoside and cyanidin‐3‐rutinoside, using high‐performance countercurrent chromatography, and the establishment of a volumetric scale‐up process from semi‐preparative to preparative‐scale. To optimize the separation parameters, biphasic solvent systems composed of tert‐butyl methyl ether/n‐butanol/acetonitrile/0.01% trifluoroacetic acid, flow rate, sample amount and rotational speed were evaluated for the semi‐preparative‐scale high‐performance countercurrent chromatography. The optimized semi‐preparative‐scale high‐performance countercurrent chromatography parameters (tert‐butyl methyl ether/n‐butanol/acetonitrile/0.01% trifluoroacetic acid, 1:3:1:5, v/v; flow rate, 4.0 mL/min; sample amount, 200–1000 mg; rotational speed, 1600 rpm) were transferred directly to a preparative‐scale (tert‐butyl methyl ether/n‐butanol/acetonitrile/0.01% trifluoroacetic acid, 1:3:1:5, v/v; flow rate, 28 mL/min; sample amount, 5.0–10.0 g; rotational speed, 1400 rpm) to achieve separation results identical to cyanidin‐3‐glucoside and cyanidin‐3‐rutinoside. The separation of mulberry anthocyanins using semi‐preparative high‐performance countercurrent chromatography and its volumetric scale‐up to preparative‐scale was addressed for the first time in this report.