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Free amino acids analysis by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry in several botanicals with antioxidant character

Moldoveanu, Serban C., Zhu, Jeff, Qian, Nancy
Journal of separation science 2015 v.38 no.13 pp. 2208-2222
amino acids, antioxidants, free amino acids, hydrochloric acid, ion pair chromatography, ionization, monitoring, reversed-phase liquid chromatography, spectrometers, tandem mass spectrometry
A novel method based on liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry for the analysis of 19 amino acids in plant materials is described. For the analysis, the plant material is extracted with 0.1 N hydrochloric acid with internal standards present in the extraction solution. The filtered extracts are injected using no clean‐up into the liquid chromatographic system coupled with a triple‐quadrupole tandem mass spectrometer with an electrospray ionization source. The analytes are separated using ion pair chromatography on a reversed‐phase column. The detection is performed in multiple‐reaction monitoring positive‐ion mode. Quantitation is obtained using calibrations. The validated procedure has been applied for the analysis of amino acids in 18 samples of plant material including botanicals with antioxidant character. The analysis requires 16 min separation time, has excellent precision and accuracy allowing amino acid analysis in a wide range of concentrations.