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Development of an enzyme‐linked immunosorbent assay and immunoaffinity chromatography for glycyrrhizic acid using an anti‐glycyrrhizic acid monoclonal antibody

Zhang, Yue, Qu, Huihua, Zeng, Wenhao, Zhao, Yan, Shan, Wenchao, Wang, Xueqian, Wang, Qingguo, Zhao, Yan
Journal of separation science 2015 v.38 no.13 pp. 2363-2370
Oriental traditional medicine, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, glycyrrhizin, hybridomas, immunoaffinity chromatography, mice, monoclonal antibodies, myeloma, serum albumin, splenocytes
In this work, a new monoclonal antibody specific for glycyrrhizic acid was prepared and characterized. A hybridoma secreting an anti‐glycyrrhizic acid monoclonal antibody was produced by fusing splenocytes from a mouse immunized against a glycyrrhizic acid–bovine serum albumin conjugate with the hypoxanthine–aminopterin–thymidine‐sensitive mouse myeloma cell line (Sp2/0‐Ag14). Subsequently, an indirect, competitive enzyme‐linked immunosorbent assay for glycyrrhizic acid was developed using the monoclonal antibody. In this assay, we detected an effective measuring range of 78.12–2500 ng/mL. Both intra‐assay and inter‐assay repeatability and precision were achieved, with relative standard deviations lower than 10%. In addition, glycyrrhizic acid levels in both formulated Chinese medicines and biological samples were determined with high sensitivity and efficiency. We then successfully developed a reliable immunoaffinity chromatography to separate glycyrrhizic acid completely from its parent medicine. These methods will contribute to further research investigations to better understand the interactions of glycyrrhizic acid with other drugs in the complex system of traditional Chinese medicine.