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Hormone level analysis on adventitious root formation in Eucalyptus globulus

Negishi, Naoki, Nakahama, Katsuhiko, Urata, Nobuaki, Kojima, Mikiko, Sakakibara, Hitoshi, Kawaoka, Akiyoshi
New forests 2014 v.45 no.4 pp. 577-587
Eucalyptus globulus, aspartic acid, cutting, cytokinins, genotype, gravitropism, harvesting, indole acetic acid, metabolism, pulp and paper industry, rooting, shoots, trees, woody plants
Eucalyptus globulus is the one of the most economically important trees for pulp and paper industries due to its fast growth and short harvesting cycle. However, E. globulus is well known as a woody plant that is hard to propagate vegetatively. In this study, we found wide distribution of rooting ability among seven independent genotypes we tested. Analysis of the mechanism of adventitious rooting by using the auxin transport inhibitor, N-naphthylphthalamic acid, revealed that polar auxin transport is crucial in root formation. The gravitropism of the stem was highly correlated to the percentage of adventitious root formation. Hormonal analysis showed that the levels of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) were the same between difficult-to-root and easy-to-root genotypes, whereas levels of IAAsp (indole-3-acetyl aspartic acid) were higher in the difficult-to-root genotype, indicating that IAA metabolism might play an important role in adventitious root formation in this species. Levels of several cytokinins exhibited differences between genotypes that varied in their cutting performance and rooting ability. Furthermore, higher level of cytokinin in elongating shoots were correlated with rooting percentage. Taken together, our results indicate that both auxins and cytokinins play a role in adventitious root formation in E. globulus, and that a complex interplay between the levels of auxins and cytokinins and their metabolism might result in root formation in this commercially important plant.