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Trace metal content in the seagrass Cymodocea nodosa: Differential accumulation in plant organs

Llagostera, I., Pérez, M., Romero, J.
Aquatic botany 2011 v.95 no.2 pp. 124-128
cadmium, copper, iron, lead, leaves, manganese, nickel, plant organs, rhizomes, roots, seagrasses, zinc
Differences in the accumulation of seven metallic elements, including micronutrients (Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni and Zn) and non-essential elements (Cd and Pb) among plant organs (leaves, roots and rhizomes) were examined in the seagrass Cymodocea nodosa. Samples were taken from two coastal bays (Catalonia, Western Mediterranean), with a total of nine sampling sites encompassing different levels of metal availability. Metal content was generally higher in uptake organs (leaves and roots) than in rhizomes. However, accumulation in leaves and roots varied between elements. While Cd, Mn and Zn preferentially accumulate in leaves, Fe and Pb accumulate in roots and Cu and Ni in both. There were common spatial (between sites) trends in Cd, Mn, Cu and Zn accumulation in the three organs. However, these spatial trends varied according to the organ considered in the case of Fe, Pb, and Ni. Therefore, assessment of within-plant variability is strongly recommended prior to the use of C. nodosa for biomonitoring purposes, at least for Fe, Pb, and Ni.